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O  R  B  I  S    TERRARUM    SERIES 

FORTHCOMING  VOLUMES: 

PICTURESQJJE  MEXICO 

ILLUSTRATED    WITH    256    PHOTOGRAVURE 
PLATES   BY  HUGO  BREHME,   MEXICO 

PICTURESQUE  PALESTINE      • 
AND  ARABIA 

ILLUSTRATED    WITH    270    PHOTOGRAVURE 

PLATES  BY  THE  AUTHORS  OF  "PICTURESQUE 

NORTH  AFRICA" 

ALREADY   PUBLISHED: 

PICTURESQUE  NORTH  AFRICA 

TRIPOLI,  TUNIS,  ALGERIA,  MOROCCO 

ILLUSTRATED   WITH    240    PHOTOGRAVURE 

PLATES   BY  LEHNERT  &  LANDROCK 


PICTURESQUE 
I  T  A  L  Y 

ARCHITECTURE  AND  LANDSCAPE 


BY 


KURT     HIELSCHER 


NEW    YORK   •    BRENTANO'S    PUBLISHERS 


PRINTED  IX  GERMANY 


All  photographs  were  taken  by  Kurt  Hielscher  with  an  lea  Camera 
fitted  with  a  Zeiss  Lens  on  Agfa  Chromo  Isorapid  Plates 

FIRST   PUBLISHED   IN    1925 


COPYRIGHT  BY  ERNST  WASMUTH  LTD.,  BERLIN,   192s 


MOST  HUMBLY  DEDICATED 

TO 

HIS  MAJESTY 

KING  VICTOR  EMMANUEL  III. 


FOREWORD 

I  have  much  pleasure  in  conceding  to  the  request  to  write  a  few  introductory 
words  to  Kurt  Hielscher's  work  on  Italy.  This  volume,  now  that  the  spiritual 
consciousness  of  our  own  individuality  is  slowly  re-awakening,  expresses  one  of 
the  strongest  characteristics  of  our  people,  namely  that  longing  which  has 
attracted  the  Teutons  southwards  for  many  centuries.  Italy  is  the  country  that 
has  inspired  a  Diirer,  Handel  and  Goethe  to  their  greatest  works,  and  markedly 
incited  students  such  as  Ranke,  Gregorovious  and  Jakob  Burckhardt.  Italy  is 
a  country  with  which  in  Some  mysterious  manner  the  fate  of  the  northern 
tribes  is  interwoven.  They  have  remained  true  to  her  in  spite  of  many 
disappointments. 

It  is  thus  clear  that  particularly  Italy  would  stimulate  Kurt  Hielscher's  great 
talent  that  has  been  proved  and  demonstrated  in  his  volumes  on  Spain  and  our 
own  beautiful  country  with  their  monumental  proofs  of  ancient  history  and 
culture.  This  book  is  quite  "sui  generis".  It  takes  us  to  the  real  Italy  and  dis- 
plays her  to  us  in  beautiful  pictures  from  the  Alps  to  the  south  coast  of  Sicily. 
The  views  in  this  work  show  by  their  masterly  conception  and  excellent  technical 
reproduction,  what  there  is  to  be  seen  in  Italy,  and  above  all  how  to  see  it. 
These  pictures  of  Italy  will  teach  even  those  who  know  her  best,  as  well  as  the 
lover  of  art  and  the  artist  himself  what  it  is  that  makes  this  country  so  note- 
worthy with  her  natural  beauties  and  appearance  given  to  her  by  man  in  the 
course  of  the  centuries.  They  will  also  teach  us  to  appreciate  the  perfect  har- 
mony nature  and  art  have  attained  to  in  mutual  competition.  It  is  worth  one's 
while  to  study  each  of  the  pictures  carefully.  We  see  how  both  the  different 
hours  of  the  day  and  the  seasons  augment  the  artistic  effect  of  the  views  But, 
perhaps,  it  is  better  not  to  speak  of  this  here,  for  the  immediate  effect  of  the 
pictures  will  demonstrate  the  importance  of  this  fact  better  than  my  remarks. 

The  volume  on  Italy  is  restricted  to  architecture  and  landscape  in  contra- 
distinction to  that  on  Spain  which  also  depicts  the  life  of  the  people.  This  is  as 
it  should  be  In  Spain  the  life  of  the  people  is  more  in  the  open  air.  In  Germany, 
and  with  all  Teutonic  peoples,  it  is  mainly  within  the  house.  In  Italy  life  has 
assumed  fixed  cultural  forms  in  the  course  of  many  centuries.  Only  the  south, 
which  was  occupied  by  the  Spaniards  and  influenced  by  them  in  its  culture, 
reminds  us  of  Spanish  life.  And  in  the  south,  be  it  remarked,  there  still  dwell 
survivors  of  Moorish  population. 

What  is  more  important  in  Italy  is  the  landscape  and,  in  this  again, 
architecture.  No  country  in  the  world  shows  such  a  variety  of  developed 
architectural  art  as  Italy.  It  is  particularly  rich  because  sculpture  is  closely 
connected    vith  it.    Nearly  all  the  sculptural  work  was  designed  for  public 

VII 


building*  and  squares.  The  majestic  shapes  in  the  tectonic  of  Italian  landscape, 
which  is  more  pronounced  by  the  almost  complete  lack  of  forests  on  the  heights, 
are  still  more  accentuated  by  the  Etruscan  towns  that  seem  to  be  hewn  in  the 
rocks  and  vest  the  flat  domes  of  the  mountains  with  their  characteristic  traits, 
whereas  mediaeval  and  Baroque  edifices  fill  the  ruins  of  the  old  walls. 

Picturesque  mediaeval  castles  and  magnificent  Renaissance  villas  rise  on  the 
mountains  and  are  surrounded  bv  dark -green  cypresses  and  pines,  whilst  the 
remnants  of  mighty  Roman  aqueducts  and  ruins  of  Greek  temples  and  theatres 
stand  forth  in  modern  times  with  their  age-blackened  masses  of  ancient  stone 
like  fantastic  forms  of  nature,  and  the  towns  spread  out  in  the  valleys  are  living 
proofs  of  modern  artistic  activity  expressed  in  manifold  forms. 

The  views  in  Hielscher's  "Italy"  show  very  clearly  and  emphatically  the 
great  importance  of  architecture  and  decorative  plastic  art  in  their  relations  to 
the  Italian  landscape,  whether  the  monuments  be  remnants  ot  antiquity  spread 
over  the  country,  or  buildings  dating  from  the  Middle  Ages  to  the  Baroque 
period.  The  mighty  Romanesque  and  Gothic  cathedrals,  beginning  with  semi- 
Byzantine  St.  Mark's  rising  in  the  middle  of  that  unique  sea-rocked  city  in  Italy's 
north-eastern  corner  and  extending  to  the  delicate  semi -Moorish  Norman 
cathedrals  in  southern  Italy  and  Sicily,  are  the  magnificent  emblems  of  the  wealth 
of  the  cities.  The  numerous  mighty  Romanesque  churches  in  the  whole  of 
northern  and  southern  Italy  with  their  overladen  coarse  plastic  ornaments  are 
a  remarkable  contrast  to  the  modest  Florentine  churches  with  their  restrained 
facades  and  bi-coloured  stones  dating  from  the  times  of  the  early  German 
emperors.  The  Cistercians  imported  French  Gothic  into  Italy,  where  it  was  soon 
developed  to  a  unique  magnificent  Italian  style  by  the  Mendicant  Orders  founded 
by  St.  Francis.  The  ambition  and  rivalry  of  the  great  cities  led  them  to  construct 
the  cathedrals  in  this  new  style  as  colossaly  and  richly  as  possible.  Thus  many 
remained  incomplete,  or  were  so  overladen  with  sculptures  that  Milan  Cathedral, 
for  instance,  looks  like  a  forest  of  statues.  At  the  same  time  the  citizens  of 
central  Italy  outdid  each  other  both  for  the  sake  of  security  and  magnificence 
in  erecting  lofty  towers  on  their  houses  which  nearly  made  the  towns  look  like 
modern  American  sky-scraper  cities.  Hielscher  shows  in  his  views  of  San 
Gimignano  the  ruins  of  such  superstructures  which  have  mostly  been  destroyed 
by  cannon  and  during  revolutions.  The  return  to  classic  art  began  in  Florence 
under  Brunellesco's  and  Alberti's  leadership,  re-vested  Italian  architecture  with 
simplicity  and  restrained  forms  that  led  to  the  noble  and  magnificent  works  of 
the  Late  Renaissance.  They  still  give  most  Italian  cities  their  typical  aristocratic 
and  monumental  character.  But  in  not  a  few  cases  Baroque  art  has  determined 
their  present  appearance.  It  was  prepared  by  no  less  a  person  than  Michael 
Angelo  under  the  popes  of  the  Counter  Reformation,  and  namely  by  the  activity 
of  Bernini  did  it  develop  into  the  symbol  of  the  Roman  Papacy  and  its  politico- 
cultural  aims.  The  Baroque  masters  made  use  of  the  beauties  of  nature  and  the 
landscape  to  contribute  to  the  artistic  effect  of  the  luxurious  villas  and  palaces. 

VIII 


Since  the  middle  of  the  1 6  th  century  the  popes  and  their  nepotes  vied  with  the 
princes  —  especially  those  of  Florence  and  Naples  —  in  the  horticultural  and 
architectural  ornamentation  of  their  country-seats  and  parks. 

We  obtain  a  fine  artistic  conception  of  all  this  in  Hielscher's  book,  although 
the  number  of  examples  is  limited.  He  mirrors  Italy,  and  hence  he  arouses  our 
longing  for  that  glorious  country  and  her  art  treasures. 

Wilhelm  von  Bode 


IX 


INTRODUCTION 

It  was  towards  the  end  of  winter  which  still  lingered  on  and  seemed  so  loath 
to  part  that  I  travelled  southwards  through  Germany.  The  Alps  were  yet  clad 
in  dazzling  white.  Beyond  Bozen  winter  was  forced  to  relax  its  hold.  I  was 
journeying  towards  spring  and  sunny  days. 

1  was  tempted  to  stop  at  many  a  place  on  the  way,  but  I  resisted.  My  first 
aim  was  Sicily.  The  island  greeted  me  with  all  the  glories  of  spring.  Only 
mighty  Aetna  was  covered  with  deep  snow  on  its  lava-cloaked  slopes.  My  sole 
disappointment  in  Italy  was  in  connection  with  Aetna.  The  guides  in  Catania 
were  afraid  of  calling  down  its  wrath;  for  but  a  short  time  previously  two  bold 
climbers  had  nearly  perished  on  its  heights  in  a  snowstorm,  although  they  had 
kept  to  the  only  bridle-path  that  leads  from  Nicolosi  to  the  summit.  Their 
experience  frightened  the  others.  I  travelled  round  the  great  mountain.  But  both 
in  Bronte  and  Randazzo  there  was  no  one  willing  to  challenge  the  burning 
mount.  Giarre  was  my  last  hope.  An  Italian  architect  who  had  climbed  the 
mountain  several  times  during  the  summer  was  ready  to  share  the  risk  with  me. 

Soon  after  S.  Alfio  we  left  the  broad  fruit-laden  slopes  of  Aetna.  We  mounted 
up  through  the  trackless  broom  thickets  which  were  as  tall  as  ourselves  Finally 
all  phases  of  life  ceased.  We  reached  the  realm  of  wild  lava-streams  that  were 
still  free  of  snow.  Here  primitive  forces  had  once  been  let  loose  and  the  place  was 
still  fraught  with  danger.  The  lava  rises  in  great  waves  as  high  as  a  three-storey 
house.  Strange  spectral  figures  arose  around  us,  and  we  were  fain  to  flee.  Nearly 
every  step  was  agony.  The  porous  lava  was  as  sharp  as  a  knife.  There  were 
hours  and  hours  of  laborious  climbing  through  these  forbidding  grey-brown 
labyrinths  of  waves.  Our  boots  were  torn  to  shreds,  our  hands  were  bleeding. 
But  neither  would  give  in,  each  was  ashamed  of  being  the  first  to  pronounce 
the  word  return! 

Finally  we  reached  the  Valle  de  Bove,  the  original  crater  of  Aetna.  Then 
the  fog  came  down  and  wove  its  horrible  net  around  us.  One  is  perfectly  helpless 
against  this  frightful  foe  in  such  a  chaos  of  rocks.  It  would  have  been  madness 
to  continue.  We  were  beaten  and  had  to  retrace  our  steps  sadly  and  painfully. 
Disappointed,  I  had  to  drag  my  heavy  camera  plates  and  faithful  camera  (other- 
wise a  pleasant  burden)  back  to  the  valley. 

A  few  months  later  I  stood  in  the  crater  of  Vesuvius.  Till  I  was  near  the 
summit  the  sun  had  shone  in  all  his  splendour.  But  the  clouds  were  lowering 
above.  When  the  wind  rushed  in,  the  veil  was  torn  asunder  for  a  few  seconds. 
Suddenly  there  arose  the  ghostly  form  of  the  cone  from  the  depths  of  the  crater; 
there  was  a  flash  of  light  through  the  smoke  and  steam.  Then  darkness. 
Everything  was  hidden  in  thick  clouds.    I  had  to  take  a  picture  of  this!    And 

XI 


so  I  possessed  mv  soul  in  patience  till  the  mist  should  lift.  A  carabiniero  ordered 
me  to  leave  the  edge  of  the  crater,  as  one  is  only  allowed  to  stay  there  about  a 
quarter  of  an  hour.  But  the  letters  of  recommendation  which  Count  Bosdari, 
the  Italian  Ambassador  in  Berlin,  and  Sig.  Colasanti,  the  Director  of  Fine  Arts 
in  Rome,  had  kindly  given  me  to  assist  me  in  my  work  were  respected. 
1  remained.  Finally  I  was  quite  alone.  I  waited  four,  five,  six,  seven  hours  and 
felt  the  cold  bitterly.  I  had  to  move  about  to  keep  warm.  I  made  up  my  mind 
to  climb  down  the  steep  wall  into  the  crater.  It  was  quite  ghostly  down  there 
at  the  bottom.  The  lava  looked  like  the  entrails  of  some  great  fabulous  monster. 

A  magnetic  force  drew  me  over  to  the  cone.  A  feeling  came  over  me  that 
I  had  to  see  the  great  secret.  The  ground  was  burning  hot  under  my  feet. 
Strange  colours  danced  around  me:  yellow  sulphureous  vapour,  brown,  green, 
blue-black  lava  coils.  Suddenly  they  moved  and  crept  slowly  towards  me  — 
a  living  red  lava  snake!  Stop!  No  further!  With  a  crash  of  thunder  the  cone 
vomited  stone  and  glowing  blocks  of  lava  into  the  air,  and  down  they  came 
clattering  and  smashing  around  me.  Mv  only  thought  was:  back,  back,  out 
of  this  Hell! 

Some  few  days  later  the  crater  was  bathed  in  brilliant  sunshine,  and  I  again 
climbed  down  into  the  depths  and  took  pictures  of  their  wonders.  Months 
passed  and  I  was  up  in  the  mountains  again.  This  time  I  had  to  fight  my  way 
through  the  ice  wilderness  of  Monte  Rosa's  jagged  glaciers  up  to  the  realms 
where  white  death  dwells.  What  I  saw  is  incomparable.  What  contrasts!  There 
the  glowing  fiery  world-bearing  forces,  here  the  power  that  kills  with  its  cold 
might  all  that  is  created.  I  left  the  star-crowned  Alps  and  their  emerald  lakes. 
In  search  of  beauty  I  passed  through  the  teeming  fields  of  the  Po  to  the 
Rivierian  paradise.  I  dwelt  in  the  death-like  solitudes  of  the  Pontine  Marshes 
and  wandered  through  Abruzzi  with  its  wild  rocky  gorges;  I  gazed  at  the 
beauties  of  the  Gulf  of  Salerno,  at  the  silent  plains  along  the  Gulf  of  Taranto, 
and  staved  in  the  forgotten  mountains  of  Sardinia. 

Italy  is  a  country  of  strange  contours  and  great  contrasts  in  her  geological 
structure.  This  was  bound  to  incite  the  imagination  of  her  inhabitants  and 
awaken  in  them  all  the  arts  and  develop  them  to  greatness  and  perfection.  For 
this  reason  no  country  in  Europe  has  such  architectural  wealth  as  Italy,  a  wealth 
ranging  from  the  most  primitive  to  the  most  sublime  creations.  In  Sardinia 
-  unique  in  the  world  —  there  are  as  witnesses  of  the  dark  and  distant  Stone 
Age  strange  truncated  conical  towers:  the  Nuraghi;  in  Alberobello  in  Apulia  we 
find  those  wondrous  trulli  or  stone- huts  with  conical  roofs  made  of  layers  of 
masonry.  How  greatly  has  art  developed  from  here  to  the  Greek  temples  ot 
Sicily,  the  mighty  castles  of  the  Hohenstaufer  times,  the  magnificent  palaces  of 
the  Renaissance,  the  beautiful  cathedrals  of  all  styles,  the  dome  of  St.  Peter's, 
the  precious  facade  of  Siena  Cathedral! 

Sublimely  beautiful  and  unique  cities  were  built:  eternal  Rome  with  her 
edifices  of  all  epochs;  majestic  Florence  with  her  gay  splendour;  careless  sun- 

XII 


kissed  Naples;  that  sea-born  marble  fairy-tale  Venice,  and  proud  Palermo  with 
her  Saracen  buildings.  To  these  great  cities  were  added  innumerable  picturesque 
spots  which  encircle  the  sea-shore  like  a  string  of  pearls  or  are  enthroned  in 
lonely  solitude  on  bare  mountain  tops.  Such  a  country  was  bound  to  be  courted 
and  fought  for.  History  there  has  been  written  in  stone.  The  memories  of  great 
times  and  great  men  surrounded  us.  Greeks,  Saracens,  Carthaginians,  Normans, 
Teutons,  French  and  Spaniards  fought  for  supremacy  and  power.  Verily,  every 
city  and  every  hamlet  tells  us  enthralling  stories  of  long  forgotten  times:  of 
mighty  popes,  of  victorious  emperors  and  stubborn  princely  houses,  of  learned 
men  and  artists. 

But  enough!  1  do  not  wish  to  describe  in  words.  Let  my  pictures  speak  for 
themselves.  He  who  knows  how  to  question  them  will  find  that  they  will 
answer  him. 

They  depict  a  wealth  of  incidents  during  the  happy  year  of  my  wanderings 
through  sunny  Italy.  A  longing  for  the  sun  took  me  south.  The  sun  took  me 
back  —  the  sun  in  my  heart  and  my  pictures.  When  I  returned  home  in  winter 
I  had  over  2400  with  me.  But,  alas!  I  could  only  make  use  of  a  fraction  in 
this  book.  They  not  only  show  much  that  is  known,  but  much  that  is  beyond 
the  beaten  track.  It  was  my  desire  to  present  a  characteristic  general  impression 
of  the  country.  I  hope  to  deepen  that  impression  in  my  next  volume  ("Unknown 
Italy")  so  that,  together  with  my  work  on  Rome  that  has  already  appeared, 
a  comprehensive  whole  will  be  presented. 

I  trust  that  my  pictures  will  find  numerous  friends,  give  pleasure  to  many, 
and  awaken  in  others  fond  memories  of  pleasant  days  in  sun-blest  Italy. 

Kurt  Hielscher 


XIII 


10*  Long.  Est  dd  Green w 


XIV 


INDEX     OF     NAMES     AND     PLACES 


Aci  Castello  304 

Aetna  294,  295 

Alberobello  (Apulia)  264,  265 

Amain  241—245 

Anticoli  Corrado  198 

Apricale  90 

Arce   197 

Arpino   196 

Assergi  (Abruzzi)  204 

Assisi   146,   147 

Atrani  246 

Belluno  34 
Bergamo  39 
Bogliasco  (Riviera)  105 
Bologna  35  -37 
Brescia  38 

Camaldoli  220 
Camogli  (Riviera)   108 
Capri  250-255 
Cassino  218,  219 
Castel  del  Monte  266 
Castello  Arco  40,  41 
Castello  Fenis  71 
Castello  Soave  33 
Cefalii  268,  277,  281 
Celano  (Abruzzi)  200 
Ceriana  91,  92 
Certosa  di  Pavia  66—69 
Cbioggia  16 
Clitumnus  Source  155 
Como,  Lake  48—54 
Cori  214 

Dolceacqua  93,  94 
Dolceda  95 

Fiesole  135,  136 
Florence  116—134,   137 
Frascaii   188,   193 

Qarda,  Lake  42—47 
Genazzano   194 


Genoa  80-85 
Girgenti  284—288 
Gran  Paradiso  75 
Gran  Sasso  d' Italia  204 

Ischia  256 

Lago  Maggiore  55—59 
Le  Vene  155 
Lucca  114 
Lucera  263 

Macomer  (Sardinia)  267 
Maiori  257 
Matterborn  76 
Milan  60—65 
Mola  302,  303 
Monreale  27S,  279 
Montblanc  72,  73 
Monte  Cnssino  215-217 
Monte  Rosa  77-79 
Mulinetti  (Riviera)   106 

Naples  221-227 
Narni  157,  158 
Nervi  (Riviera)  96 
Ninfa  210,  211 
Norma  212 

Olevano  Romano   195 
Oria  (Apulia)  262 
Orvieto   167 

Padua  21 

Palermo  269—276,  280 

Paestum  258,  259 

Perugia  148 

Pisa   110-113 

Pompeii  232—239 

Pontine  Marsbes  210,  213 

Portofino  (Riviera)  103,   104 

Porto  Maurizio  (Riviera)  86,  87 

Portovenere  (Riviera)  109 


Positano  247 
Posticciola  199 
Pozzuoli  228,  260 
Prato  115 

Randazzo  293 
Rapallo  97-99 
Ravelio  240 
Ravenna   153,   154 
Rieti  (Abruzzi)  208 
Rome  168-192 
Rutor  Glacier  74 

San  Gimignano   144,   145 

San  Marino  156 

San  Remo  88,  89 

Scanno  (Abruzzi)  205—207 

Segesta  282 

Selinunt  283 

Siena  138-143 

S.  Margberita  (Riviera)  100,  101 

S.  Michele  diPagana(Riviera)  102 

Sori  (Riviera)   107 

Sorrent  248,  249 

Spello  152 

Spoleto  149 

Subiaco  201—203 

Syracuse  289—292 

Taormina  296 — 303 

Terracina  209 

Tivoli   189-192 

'Fropea  (Calabria)  261 

Turin  70 

Tuscany  (Toscanella)  159 

Urbino  150,   151 

Valle  di  Aosta  71 

Venice   1  —  18 

Verona  22—32 

Vesuvius  221,  226,  228-232 

Vicenza  20 

Viterbo  160—166 


XV 


Venezia.     II   Palazzo  Ducale 


Venice.     Palace  of  the  Doges 


Venedig.     Dogenpalast 


Venise      Palais  des  doges 


Venecia.     Palacio  del   Dogo 


.  iv      ■ 


Venezia.   La  Colonna  di  S.  Marco 
e    S.  Maria  della  Salute 


Column  of  St.  Mark  and  the  Church  of 
Santa  Maria  della  Salute 


Venedig.     Markussaule  und  S.  Maria  della  Salute 


Venise.     Campanile  de  Saint- Marc  et 
Santa  Maria  della  Salute 


Venezia.     Ne!  Cortile  del  Palazzo  Ducale  Venice.     Courtyard.  Palace  of  the  Doges 

Venedig.     Im  Hof  des  Dogenpalastes 
Venise.     Cour  du  palais  des  doges  Venecia.     En  el  patio  del  palacio  del  dogo 


Venezia.     Doge  e  Leone  di  S.  Marco  sulla  Porta 
del  Palazzo  Ducale 


Venice.     Doge  and  the  Lion  of  St.  Mark  above 
the  portal  of  the  Palace  of  the  Doges 


Venedig.     Doge  und  Markuslftwe  uber  dem   Portal  des  Dogenpalastes 


Venise.     Doge  et  lion  de  saint  Marc  au-dessus  du 
portail  du  palals  des  doges 


Venecia.     Dogo  y  leon  de  San  Marco  por  encima 
del  portal  del  palacio  ducal 


Venezia.     Piazza  S.  Marco 


Venice.     Piazza  S.  Marco 


Venedig.     Piazza  S.  Marco 


Venise      Place  Saint- Marc 


Venecia.     Plaza  de  San   Marco 


Venezia.     S.  Maria  della  Salute  Venice.     S.  Maria  della  Salute 

Venedig.     S.  Maria  della  Salute 
Venise.    Santa  Maria  della  Salute  Venecia.    S.  Maria  de  la  Salud 


s/enezia.     Ponte  del  Sospin  Venice.     The  Bridge  of  Sighs 

Venedig.     Die  Seufzerbrucke 
Venise.     Le  pont  des  Soupirs  Venecia.     El  puente  de  los  suspiros 


Venezia.     Canale  col  Campanile  Venice.     Canal  with  the  Campanile 

Venedig      Kanal  mit  Campanile 
Venise.     Canal  et  campanile  Venecia.     Canal  con  Campanil 


13 


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16 


17 


Venezia.     Rio  dei  Frari 


18 


Chioggia 


19 


Vicenza.     Loggia  del  Capitan  o,  Palazzo  della  Ragione 


20 


Padova.     S.  Gtustina 


Padua.     5.  Giustir 


Padua.     S.   Giustina 


Padoue.     Santa-Giustina 


Padua.     S.  Justina 


21 


22 


23 


Verona.     Piazza  delle  Erbe 


24 


Verona-     Palazzo  della  Ragione 


25 


Verona.     Ponte  di  Castel  Vecchio 


26 


Verona.     Castel  S.  Pietro 


Verona.     Castello  S.  Pietro 


Verona.     Castello  S.  Pietro 


Verone.     Chateau  St.  Pierre 


Verona.     Castillo  de  S.  Pedro 


Verona.     Arche  degli  Scaliger 


Verona.     Tombs  of  the  Scaligers 


Verona.     Skaliger-Denkmale 


Verone.     Les  tornbeaux  des  Scaliger 


Verona      Monumentos  da  los  Scali. 


28 


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Verona.      S.  Zeno  Maggiore 


29 


Verona.     Teatro  romano 


Verona.     Roman  Theatre 


Verona.      Romtsches  Theater 


Verone.     Theatre  romaii 


Verona.     Teatro  romano 


30 


Verona.     Teatro  romano  e  S.  Libera  Verona.     Roman  Theatre  and  S.  Libra 

Verona.      Romisches  Theater  und  S.  Libera 


Verone.    Theatre  romain  et  St.  Libere 


Verona.    Teatro  romano  y  S.  Libera 


3i 


Verona.     Panorama  dl  S.  Anastasia  Verona.    View  of  S.  Anastasia 

Verona.     Blick  auf  S.  Anastasia 
Verone.    Vue  de  Salnte-Anastasie  Verona.     Vista  sobre  S.  Anastasia 


32 


Castetlo   Soave 


Belluno.     Palazzo  dei  Rettori 


34 


Bologna      Palazzo  Comunal* 


Bologna.     Palazzo  Comunale 


Bologna.      Palazzo  Comunale 


Bologne      Palais  municipal 


Bolona.     Palacio  Comunal 


Bologna      Palazzo  Bevilacqua,  Cancello  Bologna.     Palazzo  Bevilacqua.  Portal 

Bologna.      Palazzo  Bevilaqua.  Torgitter 
Bologne      Palazzo  Bevilacqua.  Grille  Bolona      Palacio  Bebelagua    Reja 


36 


Bologna      Palazzo  Bevilacqua.  Cort.le  Bologna.     Palazzo  Bevilacqua,  Court 

Bologna.     Palazzo  Bevilaqua,  Hof 
Bologne      Pala.-zo  Bevilacqua.  Cour  Bolona.     Palacio  Bebelagua.  Pat.o 


37 


Brescia.     Monte    di   Pieta 


38 


Bergamo.     S    Maria  Maggiore  e  Capella  Coileoni  Bergamo     S.  Maria  Maggiore  and  Capella  Colleor 

Bergamo.     S.  Maria  Maggiore   und  Capella  Coileoni 
Bergame.     Sainte  -  Maria  -  Majeure  et  chapelle  Bergamo.     S    Maria  Mayor  y  Cailla  Colleor 


39 


Castello  Arco  sul  Lago  di  Garda  Castello  Arco  on  the  Lake  of  Garda 

Castello  Arco  am  Gardasee 
Castello  Arco  (Lac  de  Garda)  Castillo  Arco  cerca  del  Lago  de  Garda 


Al  Castello  Arco 


Castello  Arco 


Am  Castello  Arco 


Castello  Arco 


Cerca  del  Castillo  Arco 


II  Lago  di  Garda  veduto  dal  Castello  Arco  i  .1 ~«  r~  -~ 

co  Lake  of  Garda  seen  from  Castello  Arco 

Der  Gardasee,  vom  Castello  Arco  gesehen 

Le  lac  de  Garda  vu  de  Castello  Arm  c,  ,                     _ 

e  °  wrco  El  Lago  de  Garda,  visto  desde  el  Castillo  Arco 


II   Lago  di  Garda.  La  strada  del  Ponale 


Lake  of  Garda,  Ponale  Road 


Gardasee,  Ponalestrasse 


Lac  de  Garda,  Route  du  Ponale 


Lago  de  Garda,  Calle  Ponale 


43 


II   Lago  dt  Garda,   Malcesine 


Lake  of  Garda,   Malcesine 


Gardasee,    Malcesir 


Lac  de  Garda,  Malcesii 


Lago  de  Garda,   Malcesn 


II  Lago  di  Garda,  Sirmione.  il  Castello  degli  Scaligeri  Lake  of  Garda,  S.rmione,  Castle  of  the  Scaligers 

Gardasee,   Sirmione,  Skaligerburg 
Lac  de  Garda    Sirmione.  Chateau  fort  des  Scaliger  Lago  de  Garda    Sirm.one.  Castillo  de  los  Scaligeri 


II  Lago  di  Garda,  S    Vigilio  di  Garda  Lake  of  Garda,  S.  Vigilio  di  Garda 

Gardasee,   S.  Vigilio  di  Garda 
Lac  de  Garda.  San-Vigilio-di-Garda  Lago  de  Garda.  S.  Vigil  de  Garda 


46 


II  Lago  di  Garda,  Desenzano.  Porto  Lake  of   Garda    Desenzano,  Harbour 

Gardasee,  Desenzano.  Hafen 
Lac  de  Garda,  Port  de  Desenzano  Lago  de  Garda,  Desenzano.  Puerto 


47 


Al  Lago  di  Como  presso  Varenna  Lake  of  Como  near  Varenna 

Am  Comersee  bei  Varenna 
Le  Lac  de  Come  pres  de  Varenna  Cerca  del  Lago  de  Como,  cerca  de  Varena 


Lago  di  Como  veduto  dalla  Villa  Serbelloni  Lake  of  Como,  seen  from  the  Villa  Serbellom  (Bellagio) 

Comer'  See,  von  Villa  Serbelloni  (Bellagio)  gesehen 


Le  lac  de  Come  vu  de  la  Villa  Serbellor 
(Bellagio)  , 


El  Lago  de  Como,  visto  desde  la  quinta  Serbelloni 
(Bellagio) 


49 


Sul  Lago  di  Como 


Lake  of  Como 


Am  Comer  See 


Au  bord  du  lac  de  Come 


Cerca  del  Lago  de  Como 


50 


Sul  Lago  di  Como 


Lake  of  Como 


Am   Comer  See 


Au  bord  du  lac  de  Cor 


Cerca  del  Lago  de  Como 


51 


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52 


53 


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Lago  di  Como.     Villa  Arconati 


Lake  of  Como.     Villa  Arconati 


Comer  See.      Villa  Arconati 


Lac  de  Come.     Villa  Arconati 


Lago  de  Como.     Quinta  Arconati 


54 


Lago  Maggiore  coll'  Isola  Bella  Lago  Maggiore  with  the  Isola  Bella 

Lago  Maggiore   mit  der  Isola  Bella 
Lac  Majeur   et  Isola  Bella  Lago  Mayor  con  Isla  Bella 


55 


56 


57 


58 


59 


■■■^^n^^M^Hi 


Mllano.     Castello,  Cortil 


Milan.     Castello,  Court 


Mailand.     Castello.  Hof 


Milan.     Cour  du  chateau 


Milan.     Castillo,  Patio 


60 


Milano.    Castello.  Loggia 


Milan.    Castello.  Loggia 


Mailand.     Castello,  Loggia 


Milan.     Loge  du  chateat 


Milan.     Castillo.  Logia 


61 


Milano.     Sul  tetto  del  Duomo  Milan.     On  the  roof  of  the  Cathedral 

Mailand.     Auf  dem  Dach  des  Domes 
Milan      Sur  le  toit  de  la  cathedrale  Milan.     Sobre  el  techo  de  la  catedral 


62 


Milano.    Sul  tetto  del  Duomo 


Milan.     On  the  roof  of  the  Cathedral 


Mailand.     Auf  dem   Dach  des  Domes 


Milan.     Sui    le  toit  de  la  cathedrale 


ilan.     Sobre  el  techo  de  la  catedral 


63 


•■■■■■■^^^^HBaa 


Mllano-     Cortile  nel  Palazzo  Marino  Milan.     Court  in  the  Palazzo  Marino 

Mailand.     Hof  im  Palazzo  Marino 
Milan.     Cour  du  palais  Marino  Milan.     Patio  del  Palacio  Marino 


64 


Milano.    Cortile  nell'  Ospedale  Maggiore 


Milan.    Court  in  the  Hospital 


Mailand.    Hof  im  Hospital 


Milan.     Cour  de  I'h6pltal 


Milan.    Patio  del  hospital  (Hospital  Mayor) 


65 


La  Certosa  di  Pavia 


Certosa  di     Pavia 


Certosa  di  Pavia 


Chartreuse  de  Pavie 


Certosa  de  Pavia 


66 


La  Certosa  di  Pavia.     Fontana  nel  loggiato  del  chlostro  Certosa  di  Pavia.     Fountain  in  the  Cloisters 

Certosa  di  Pavia.     Brunnen  im  Kreuzgang 
Chartreuse  de  Pavie.     Fontaine  du  cloTtre  Certosa  de  Pavia.     Fuente  en  la  encruojada 


67 


La  Certosa  di  Pavia.     Nel  giardinetto  della  cella  Certosa  di  Pavia.     Small  garden  of  a  monk's  cell 

Certosa  di  Pavia.     Im  Gartleln  der  Monchszelle 
Chartreuse  de  Pavie.  Jardinet  dune  cellule  de  moine  Certosa  de  Pavia.  En  el  Jardincito  de  la  celda  del  monje 


68 


La  Certosa  di  Pavia.     Nel  giardinetto  della  cella  Certosa  di  Pavia.     Small  garden  of  a  monk's  cell 

Certosa  de  Pavia.     Im  Gartlein  der  Monchszelle 


Chartreuse  de  Pavie.     Jardinet  dune  cellule 
de  molne 


Certosa  de  Pavia.     En  el  Jardincito  de  la  celda 
del  monje 


69 


Torino.    Nel  Castello  Medioevale  Turin.     In  the  Castello  Medioeval 

Turin.     Im  Castello  medioevale 
Turin.     Interieur  du  chateau  de  Moyen  Age  Turin.     En  el  Castillo  del  siglo  medio 


70 


Castello  F6nis    (Valle  di  Aosta) 


71 


II  Monte  bianco  veduto  da  Pre-St-Didier  Mt.  Blanc  seen  from  Pre-St.-Dldler 

Der  Montblanc  von  Pre-St-Didier  gesehen 
Le  Mont-Blanc  vu  de  Pre-St-Didier  El  Monte  Blanco  vlsto  desde  Pre  St.  Didier 


72 


Catena  del  Monte  Bianco  presso  Entreves 

Montblanckette  bel  Entreves 

La  chaTne  du  Mont-Blanc  pres  d'Entreves 


Mt  Blanc  Chain  near  Entreves 


El  Monte  Blanco  cerca  de  Entreves 


73 


II  Ghiacclaio  Rutor  presso  II  Gran  Assaly  The  Rutor  Glacier  on  the  Gran  Assaly 

Der  Rutorgletscher  am  Gran  Assaly 
Le  glacier  de  Rutor  sur  le  Gran  Assaly  El  ventisquero  cerca  de  Gran  Assaly 


74 


II  Gran  Paradlso 


The   Gran  Paradiso 


Der  Gran  Paradiso 


Le  Gran  Paradiso 


El  Gran  Parafso 


75 


II  Monte  Cervino  (presso  Valtournanche  -  Le  Breuil)  The  Matterhorn  (near  Valtournanche  -  Le  Breuil) 

Das  Matterhorn  (bei  Valtournanche  -  Le  Breuil) 
Le  Mont-Cervin  (pres  de  Valtournanche  -  Le  Breuil) 


76 


II  Monte  Rosa  (presso  Macugnaga) 


Monte  Rosa  (near  Macugnaga) 


Der  Monte  Rosa  (bel  Macugnaga) 


Le  Mont-Rose  (pres  de  Macugnaga) 


El  Monte  Rosa  (cerca  de  Macugnaga) 


77 


II  Monte  Rosa:  sul  ghiacciaio  di  Macugnaga  Monte  Rosa;  on  the  Macugnaga-Glacier 

Monte  Rosa;  auf  dem  Macugnagagletscher 
Mont-Rose;  Glacier  de  Macugnaga  Monte  Rosa;  sobre  el  ventisquero  de  Macugnaga 


78 


Sul  Ghiacciaio  del  Monte  Rosa  presso  Gressoney  The  Monte  Rose  Glacier  near  Gressoney 

Auf  dem  Monte  Rosa-Gletscher   bei  Gressoney 
Le  glacier  du  Mont-Rose  pres  de  Gressoney  Sobre  el  Monte  ventisquero  Rosa  cerca  de   Gressoney 


79 


80 


81 


Genova.     Nel  Giardino  del  Palazzo  Doha 


Genoa.     Garden  of  the  Palazzo  Doha 


Genua.     Im  Garten  des  Palazzo  Doha 


Genes.    Jardin  du  Palais  Dona 


Genova.     En  el  Jardin  del  Palacio  Doria 


82 


Genova.    II  Faro 


Genoa.     The  Lighthouse 


Genua.     Der   LeuchttL 


Genes.     Le  phare 


G6nova.     El  Faro 


83 


Genova.     Nel  Palazzo  Doha 


Genoa.     Palazzo  Dona 


Genua.     Im  Palazzo  Dona 


Genes.     Interieur  du  Palais  Doria 


Genova.     En  el  Palacio  Doi  .a 


84 


Gen  ova.     L'Universita 


Genoa.     University 


Genua.      Universitat 


Genes.     L'Universita 


G6nova.     La  Umversidad 


85 


Porto  Maurizio  (Riviera) 


86 


Porto  Maurizio  (Riviera) 


87 


A  San  Remo 


San  Remo 


In  San  Remo 


San -Remo 


En  San  Remo 


88 


A  San  Remo 


San   Remo 


In   San  Remo 


San-  Remo 


En  San  Remo 


89 


Apricale 


90 


91 


92 


93 


Dolceacqua 


94 


95 


Torre  presso  Nervi  (Riviera) 


Watch-Tower  near  Nervi  (Riviera) 


Wartturm   bei    Nervi  (Riviera) 


Tour  pres  de  Nervi  (Riviera  di  Levante) 


Torre  cerca  de  Nervi  (Riviera) 


06 


Rapallo.     Castello 


97 


98 


S.  Margherita.     Villa  Spinola 


100 


S.  Margherita   (Riviera) 


101 


102 


1Q3 


104 


Bogliasco  (Riviera) 


105 


La  costa  della  Riviera  presso  Mulmetti 


Riviera  Coast  near  Mulmetti 


Rivierakuste  bei  Mulmetti 


La  cote  pr6s  de  Mulmetti 


Cuesta  de  la  Rivera  cerca  de  Mulmetti 


La  costa  della  Riviera  presso  Sor 


Riviera  Coast  near  Son 


Rivierakuste  bei  Sor 


La  cote  pr&s  de  Son 


Cuesta  de  la  Rivera  cerca  de  Sor 


107 


108 


109 


Pisa.     La  Torre  pendente  e  I'Abside  del  Duomo  Pisa.    The  Leaning  Tower  and  Nave  of  the  Cathedral 

Pisa.    Schiefer  Turm  und  Apsis  des  Domes 
Pise.     La  Tour  Penchee  et  labside  du  Dome  Pisa     Torre  inclinada  y  apside  de  la  catedral 


110 


Pisa.     Battistero 


Pisa.     The  Babbstery 


Pisa.    Baptistehum 


Pise.     Le  Babbstere 


Pisa.     Bapbsterio 


111 


Pisa.    La  facciata  del  Duomo 


Pisa.    Facade  of  the  Cathedral 


Pisa.      Domfassade 


Pise.     La  facade  du  Dome 


Pisa.    Fachada  de  la  catedral 


112 


Pisa.     Campo  Santo 


113 


Lucca.  Duor 


Lucca.  The  Cathedral 


Lucca.  Dom. 


Lucques.     La  Cathedrale 


Lucca.     Catedral 


Prato.     Duomo  col  pulpito  esterno  Prato.    The  Cathedral  with  pulpit  on  the  facade 

Prato.      Dom  mit  AuBenkanzel 
Prato.     La  Cathedrale  avec  sa  chaire  a  I'exterieur  Prato.     Catedral  con  pulpito  exterior 


115 


F.renze  veduto  dal  viale  del  Colli  Florence  seen  from  the  Viale  del  Colli 

Florenz.  vom  Viale  del  Colli  gesehen 

Florencia  visto  desde  el  Viale  dei  Colli 


Florence  vue  du  Viale  dei  Colli 


116 


Firenze.    Viale  dei  Colli 


Rorence.    Viale  dei  Colli 


Florenz.    Viale  dei  Colli 


Rorence.    Viale  dei  Colli 


Florencia.    Viale  dei  Colli 


117 


Firenze.     Piazza  della  Signoria  Florence.     Piazza  della  Signoria 

Florenz.      Piazza  della  Signoria 
Florence.     Piazza  della  Signoria  Florencia.     Plaza  de  la  Signoria 


118 


Firenze.    Ponte  Vecchio  e  Palazzo  Vecchio  Florence.    Ponte  Vecch.o  and  Palazzo  Vecch.o 

Florenz.     Ponte  Vecchio  und  Palazzo  Vecchio 
Florence.    Ponte  Vecchio  et  Palazzo  Vecchio  Florenca.    Puente  V.ejo  y  Palacio  V.ejo 


120 


121 


Firenze.    Palazzo  Uguccioni  e  Duomo  Florence.     Palazzo  Uguccioni  and  the  Cathedral 

Florenz.     Palazzo  Uguccioni  und  Dom 
Rorence.     Le  palais  Uguccioni  et  la  Cathedrale  Florencia.     Palacio  Uguccioni  y  catedral 


122 


Firenze.     La  Piazza  del  Duomo 


Florence.     Piazza  del  Duomo 


Florenz.      Domplatz 


Florence.     Place  de  la  Cathedrale 


Florencia.     Plaza  de  la  catedral 


123 


Firenze.     Finestra  del  campanile  colla 
torre  del  Palazzo  Vecchio 


Florenz.     Fenster  des  Campanile  mit  Turm  des  Palazzo  Vecchio 


Florence.     Fenetre  du  campanile   et  tour 
du  Palazzo  Vecchio 


Florencia.     Ventana  del  campanil  con 
torre   del   palacio  viejo 


124 


Firenze.    Loggia  dei  Lanzi 


Florence.    Loggia  dei  Lanzi 


Florenz.    Loggia  dei  Lanzi 


Florence.    Loggia  dei  Lanzi 


Florencia.     Logia  dei  Lanzi 


125 


Rrence.     II  Perseo  del  Cellini  colla  testa 
di  Medusa  e  il  David  di  Michelangelo 


Florence.     Cellini's  Perseus  with  the  head  of 
the  Medusa  and   Michael  Angelo's  David 


Florenz.     Cellinis  Perseus  mit  Medusenhaupt  und  Michelangelos  David 

Florence.    Persee  tenant  la  tete  de  la  Meduse        Florencia.    El  Perseo  de  Cilini  con  cabeza 
(d'apres  Benvenuto  Cellini)  et  le  David  de  de  Medusa  y  David  de  Miguel  Angel 

Michel-Ange 


126 


Firenze.     Alia  Loggia  dei  Lanzi 


Florence.     Loggia  dei  Lanzi 


Florenz.     An  der  Loggia  dei  Lanzi 


Florence.     Aux  abords  de  la  Loggia  dei  Lanzi 


Florencia.     Cerca  de  la  Logia  dei  Lanzi 


127 


Firenze.     II  Cortile  del  Palazzo  Vecchio  Florence.    Court  in  the  Palazzo  Vecchio 

Florenz.     Hof  im  Palazzo  Vecchio 
Florence.    Cour  du  Palazzo  Vecchio  Florenoa.    Patio  en  el  palacio  viejo 


128 


Firenze.     II  Cortile  del  Bargello 


Florence.     Court  m  the  Bargello  Palace 


Florenz.     Hof  im  Bargello 


Florence.    Cour  du  Bargell 


Florencla.     Patio  en  el  Bargello 


129 


Firenze.    A  Palazzo  Pitti 


Florence.     Palazzo  Pitti 


Florenz.     Im  Palazzo  Pitti 


Florence.     Palais  Pitti 


Florencia.     En  el  palacio  Pitti 


130 


Firenze.     Palazzo  Medici.     La  Sala  delle  Feste  Florence.     Palazzo  Medic.  Festal  Hall 

Florenz.     Palazzo  Medici,  Festsaal 
Florence.     Pala.s  Medio.     Salle  des  fetes  FlorenCa      Palacio  Medic  sala  de  fiestas 


131 


Firenze.     Palazzo  Medio.     II  Cortile  Florence.     Palazzo  Medici.  Court 

Florenz.     Palazzo  Medici,  Hof 
Florence.     Palais  Medio.     Cour  Florenoa.     Palaoo  Medio,  patio 


Firenze.     S.  Lorenzo.     Loggiato  del  Chiostro  Florence.     S.  Lorenzo.  Cloisters 

Florenz.    S.  Lorenzo,  Kreuzgang 
Florence.    CloTtre  de  Saint-Laurent  Florencia.     S.  Lorenzo,  encruojada 


133 


134 


Fiesole.      Campanile 


136 


F.renze.     Certosa  del  Galluzzo.     Loggiato  del  Chiostro  Florence.    Certosa  del  Galluzzo.  Cloisters 

Florenz.     Certosa  del  Galluzzo,  Kreuzgang 
Florence.     CloTtre  de  la  Chartreuse  du  Galluzzo  Florencia.     Certosa  del  Galluzzo.  encrucijada 


137 


138 


- 


S.ena.    Arco  di  S.  Giuseppe  e  Torre  del  Mangia 


139 


Siena.     Palazzo  Pubblico 


140 


Siena.     La  Facciata  del  Duomo 


Siena.     Fapade  of  the  Cathedral 


Siena.     Domfassade 


Sienne.     Facade  de  la  Cathedrale 


Siena.     Fachada  de  la  catedral 


Siena.     Navata  laterale  del   Duomo  Siena.     Side  aisle  of  the  Cathedral 

Siena.     Seitenschiff  des  Domes 
Sienne.     Net  laterale  de  la  Cathedrale  Siena.     Nave  lateral  de  la  catedral 


142 


Siena.     Duomo,  Pulpito 


Siena.     Cathedral.  Pulpit 


Siena.     Dom,    Kanzel 


Serine.     Chaire  de  la  Cathedrale 


Siena     Catedral,  pulpito 


San  Gimignano 


San  Girnignano.     Torn  SalVL 


145 


146 


147 


148 


149 


Urb.no.     Palazzo  Ducale  e  Duomo  Urb.no.     Palazzo  Ducale  and  Cathedral 

Urbino.     Palazzo  Ducale  und  Dom 
Urb.no.     Palais  ducal  et  Cath6drale  Urbino      Palac.o  ducal  y  catedral 


Urbmo     Torn  del  Palazzo  Ducale  Urbino.     Alley  with  the  towers  of  the 

w  Palazzo   Ducale 

Urbino.     Gasse  mit  Turmen   des  Palazzo  Ducale 


Urbino.     Ruelle  surmontee  des 
tours  du  Palais  ducal 


Urbino.     Callejuela  con  las  torres 
del  Palacio  ducal 


151 


Spello      Porta  Venere 


152 


Ravenna.     La  Tomba  di  Teodorico 


Ravenna.    Mausoleum  of  Theodonc 


Ravenna.    Grabmal  Theodericht 


Ravenne.    Tombeau   de  Theodonc 


Ravena.    Sepulcro  de  Teodenco 


154 


155 


San  Marino.    Castello 


156 


157 


158 


159 


J*-    '  '    '  1 

1            B*  »    '-'J 
1 

160 


161 


162 


163 


Viterbo.     Fontana  nel  cortile  del  Palazzo  Municipale        Viterbo.     Fountain  in  the  court  of  the  Palazzo  Municipale 

Viterbo.     Brunnen  im  Hof  des  Palazzo  Municipale 
Viterbe.    Fontaine  de  la  cour  du  Palais  municipal  Viterbo.    Fuente  en  el  patio  del  Palacio  municipal 


164 


Viterbo.     Fontana  in  P.azza  della  Morte  V.terbo.     Founta.n  in  the  P.azza  della  Morte 

Viterbo.     Brunnen  auf  Piazza  della  Morte 

Viterbo.     Fuente  en  la  plaza  de  la  Muerte 


Viterbe.     Fontaine  de  la  Piazza  della  Morte 


165 


Viterbo.    Via  Bella  Vista 


166 


167 


Roma.  S.  Pietro 


168 


Roma.     Giardino  Vaticano  colla  Chiesa  di  S.  Pietro 


Rome.    Vatican  Garden  with  St.  Peters 


Rom.    Vatikangarten  mit  Peterskirche 


Rome.    Jardin  du  Vatican  et  basilique  de 
Saint-Pierre 


Roma     Los  jardines  del  Vaticano  con  basilica 
de  S.  Pedro 


169 


Roma.    Vaticano.  Gran  Sala  della  Biblioteca  Rome.    Vat.can,   The  Great  Library  Hall 

Rom.     Vatikan,  GroQer  Bibliothekssaal 
Rome.    Vatican.  Grande  salle  de  la  bibhotheque  Roma.    Vaticano.  gran  sala  de  biblioteca 


17C 


Roma.     Palazzo  del  Quirinale.  Sala  del  Trono 


Rome.    The  Kings  Palace.  Throne  Room 


Rom.     K6nigspalast,  Thronsaal 


Rome.     Palais  royal.  Salle  du  trone 


Roma      Palacio  Real.  Sala  con  trono 


172 


173 


Foro  Romano.  Al  Tempio  di  Vesta  e  di  Castore       Rome.   Forum  Romanum.  Temples  of  Vesta  and  Castor 
Rom.     Forum  Romanum.  Am  Vesta-  und  Castortempel 


Roma.     Foro  Romano.  Cerca  de  los  templos  de  Vesta 
y  Castor 


174 


Roma.     Nel  Foro  Romano  Rome.     On  the  Forum  Romanum 

Rom.     Auf  dem  Forum   Romanum 
Rome.    Sur  le  Forum  romain  Roma.     En  el  Foro  Romano 


175 


0 

E 

E 

0 

0 

tr 

q: 

176 


177 


Roma.     Colosseo  -  Interno 


Rome.     Colosseum  -  Interior 


Rom.     Kolosseum  -  Inneres 


Rome.     Le  Colysee  -  Vue  de  linterieur 


Roma.    Coliseo  -  Parte  interior 


Roma.     Foro  Romano  -  Arco  di  Tito  Rome.     Forum  Romanum  -  Triumphal  Arch  of  Titus 

Rom.     Forum  Romanum  -  Titusbogen 
Rome.     Forum  romain  -  Arc  de  Titus  Roma.     Foro  Romano  -  Arco  de  Tito 


179 


180 


181 


Rome.     Cloisters  of  the  Church  of  S.  Giovanni 
in  Laterano 


Rom.     Kreuzgang  der  Basilika  S.  Giovanni  in  Laterano 


Roma.     Encrucijada  de  la  basflica  de  S.  Juan 
en  Laterano 


182 


Roma.     La  Scala  di  Spagna  Rome.    The  Span.sh  Staircase 

Rom.     Die  spanische  Treppe 


Rome.     L'escalier  d'Espagne 


Roma.     Escalera  espaPSola 


183 


■I  ■  i^^HHH 

Roma      Museo  Nazionale  -  Cortile  Rome.    Thermae  Museum  -  Courtyard 

Rom.     Thermenmuseum  -  Hof 
Rome.     Musee  des  Thermes  -  Cour  Roma.     Patio  del  Museo  de  las  Termas 


184 


Roma.    A  Villa  Umberto  (gia  Villa  Borghese)  Rome.     In  the  Villa  Umberto  Primo  (Borghese) 

Rom.     In  Villa  Umberto  (Borghese) 
Rome.    Vila  Umberto  (Borghese)  Roma.     En  la  Villa  Umberto  (Borghese) 


185 


186 


187 


Roma.    Frascati  -  Villa  Falconieri 


188 


Roma.    Tivoli  -  Villa  d'Este 


189 


190 


192 


193 


194 


195 


196 


197 


198 


199 


Celano  (Abruzzi) 


Celano  (Abruzzi) 


Celano  (Abruzzen) 


Celano  (Abruzzes) 


Celano  (Abruzos) 


200 


201 


In  Subiaco 


View  en  Subiaco 


En  Subiaco 


202 


Sub.aco.    Convento  di  S.  Scolastica  Subiaco.     Monastery  of  Santa  Scolastica 

Subiaco.     Kloster  S.  Scolastica 
Subiaco.     Monastere  de  Sainte-Scholastique  Subiaco.     Monasteno  de  S.  Escolastica 


203 


204 


205 


206 


in  S 


207 


Rieti  (Abruzzi).    Veduta  del  Calvano  Rieti  (Abruzzi).    View  from  Mount  Calvary 

Rieti  (Abruzzen),     Bhck  vom  Calvanenberg 
Rieti  (Abruzzes).    Vue  prise  au  haut  du  Calvaire  Rieti  (Abruzos).    Vista  desde  el  Monte  Calvano 


208 


Terracma.     Castello 


209 


Le  rovme  di  Ninfa  nelle  Paludi  Pontine  The  ruins  of  Nmfa  on  the  Pontine  Marshes 

Rumenstadt  Nmfa  an  den  Pontmischen  Sumpfen 
Ru.nes  de  Ninfa  dans  les  Marais  Pontins  Nmfa.  ciudad  de  rumas  cerca  de  los  pantanos  pontmianos 


210 


Le   rovme  di  Nmfa 


Rums  of  Nmfa 


Ruinen  von  Ninfa 


Rumes  de  Ninfa 


Las  ruinas  de  Nmfa 


212 


Tramonto  nelle  Paludi  Pontine 


Soir  dans  les  Marais  Pontir 


Evening  in  the  Pontine  Marshes 
Abend    in  den  Pontinischen  Sumpfen 

Por  la  tarde  en  los  pantanos  pontinianos 


213 


214 


215 


Monte  Cassmo.     II  Cortile  del  Convento  Monte  Cass.no.     Monastery  Court 

Monte  Cassino.     Klosterhof 
Cour  du  Couvent  du  Mont-Cassin  Monte  Casano.     Patio  del  monasterio 


216 


Monte  Cassmo.     La  Chiesa  del  Convento 


Monte  Cassmo.     Monastery  Church 


Monte  Cassmo.     Klosterkirche 


£glise  du  couvent  du   Mont-Cassm 


Monte  Cassmo.     Iglesia  del  monasterio 


217 


218 


Cassino.     La   Rocca 


219 


220 


221 


Napoh.     Castel  Nuovo 


Naples.     Castel  Nuc 


Neapel.     Castel   Nuovo 


Naples.     Le  Castel  Nuovo 


Napoles.     Castillo  Nuevo 


222 


oraa»&£&£:.  ■■■■;■:■.        r        '  v 


Napol..     Castello  dell'Ovo 


Naples.    Castello  dell'Ovo 


Neapel.     Castello  dell'Ovo 


Naples.     Le  Castel  dell'Ovo 


Napoles.    Castillo  del  Huevo 


223 


Napoh.     La  strada  di  Posilipo  Naples.     View  from  the  Posilipo  Road 

Neapel.     Blick  von  der  Posihpostrasse 
Naples.    Vue  du  haut  de  la  route  du  Postlippe  Napoles.     Vista  desde  la  calle  de  Posilipo 


224 


Napoli.     La  strada  di  Posilipo  Naples.     On  the  Posilipo  Road 

Neapel.    An  der  Posilipostrasse 
Naples.     Route  du  Posilippe  Napoles.     Cerca  de  la  calle  de  Posilipo 


Napoli.    Veduta  del  Vesuvio  dalla  strade  d.  Posihpo  Naples.    V.ew  of  Vesuvius  from  the  Pos.lipo  Road 

Neapel.    Blick  von  der  Posilipostrasse  zum  Vesuv 
Naples.    Le  Vesuve  vu  de  la  route  du  Posilippe  Napoles.    V.sta  desde  la  calle  de  Posihpo  al  Vesubio 


Napoli.    A  Posilipo 


Naples.     On  the  Posilipo 


Neapel.    Am  Posilipo 


Naples.     La  colline  du  Posilippe 


Napoles.     Cerca  de  Posilipo 


227 


228 


Nel  cratere  del  Vesuvio.  Lava  e  cono  d'eruzione  At  the  bottom  of  the  crater  of  Vesuvius.  Lava  and  Cone 

Auf  dem  Kraterboden  des  Vesuv.     Lava  und  Eruptionskegel 


Le  fond  du  cratere  du  Vesuve.     Lave  et  cdne 
d'eruption 


At  fondo  del  crater  del  Vesubio.     Lava  y  cono  de 
erupcion 


230 


Nel  cratere  del  Vesuvio.     Lava  e  orlo  del  cratere 


At  the  bottom  of  the  crater  of  Vesuvius.     Lava  and 
edge  of  the  crater 


Auf  dem  Kraterboden  des  Vesuv.    Gekroselava,  Kraterrand 


Le  fond  du  cratere  du  V6suve.     Laves  cordees, 
bord  du  cratere 


Al  fondo  del  crater  del  Vesub.o.     Lava,  borde 
del  crater 


231 


232 


233 


234 


235 


Pompei.     Casa  degli  Amorini  dorati  Pompeii.    Casa  degli  Amorim  Dorat. 

Pompeji.      Casa  degli  Amonni  Dorati 
Pompei.     Maison  des  Amours  dores  Pompeyo.     Casa  de  los  Amores  subdorado-; 


236 


Pompei.     Casa  del  poeta  tragico  Pompeii.     House  of  the  Tragic  Poet 

Pompeji.     Haus  des  tragischen  Poeten 
Pompei.     Maison  du  po&te  tragique  Pompeyo.    Casa  del  poeta  tragico 


237 


238 


239 


Ravello.     Nel  Giard.no  del  Palazzo  Rufoli  Ravello.     Garden  of  the  Palazzo  Rufoli 

Ravello.     Im  Garten  des  Palazzo  Rufoli 
Ravello.    Jardin  du  Palais  Rufoli  Ravello.     En  el  Jardfn  del  palacio  Rufoli 


240 


Amalfi.     CloTtre  de  la  cath<Sdrale 


Amalfi.     Catedral.  encrucijada 


242 


Amalfi.     La  Cattedrale 


Amalfi      Cathedral 


Amalfi.     Kathedrale 


Amalfi.    Catl-i^drale 


Amalfi.     Catedral 


243 


244 


245 


SKIP   Mr'-  J*$fam^ -  t^flflM 

.      -       • 


246 


247 


Sorrento.     II  porto 


Sorento.     HarbOL 


Sorrent.     Hafer 


Sorrente.     Le  port 


Sorrento      Puerto 


250 


251 


I 


Capri.     Via  Krupp 


Capri.     Via  Krupp 


Capri.     Kruppstrasse 


Capr6e.     Via  Krupp 


Capri.     Calle  de  Krupp 


252 


Capri.     Faraghoni 


253 


Capri.    Veduta  della  penisola  di  Sorrento  Capri.    View  of  Sorrento  Peninsula 

Capn.     Blick  zur  Halbinsel  Sorrent 
Capree.    Vue  de  la  presquTle  de  Sorrente  Capri.    Vista  a  la  peninsula  Sorrento 


254 


Auf  Capri 


A  Capri 


255 


256 


Castello  dei  Normenni  presso  Maiori  Norman  Castle  near  Ma.on 

Normannenkastell   bei   Maiori 
Chateau  normand  pre-s  de  Maiori  Castillo  de  los  Normanos  cerca  de  Maion 


257 


258 


259 


Pozzuoli.    Giro  attorno  allArena  Pozzuoli.     Roman  Arena 

Pozzuoli.     Rundgang  in  der  romischen  Arena 
Pozzuoli.     Pourtour  de<=i  ar6nes  romames  Pozzuoli.     Galeria  de  la  Arena  Romana 


2oO 


Tropea   (Calabria) 


261 


262 


263 


264 


265 


266 


?67 


CefalCi.    II  Duomo 


Cefalu.     Cathedral 


Cefalu.     Dom 


Cefalu.     Cathedrale 


Cefalu.     Catedral 


268 


Conca  d'Oro  e  Monte  Pellegrino  (Palermo)         View  of  the  Conca  d'Oro  and  the  Monte  Pellegnno  (Palermo) 
Blick  auf  die  Conca  d'Oro  und  den  Monte  Pellegrino  (Palermo) 


Vue  de  la  Conque  d'or  et  du  Mont  Pellegrir 
(Palerme) 


Vista  sobre  la  Concha  de  Oro  y  la  Montana  Peregrine 
(Palermo) 


269 


Palermo.     Porto  e  Monte  Pellegr.no  Palermo      Harbour  and  Monte  Pellegnno 

Palermo.     Hafen   und  Monte  Pellegnno 
Palerme.     Port  et  Mont  Pellegnn  Palermo.     Puerto  y  Montana  Peregr.no 


270 


Palermo.     Villa  Tasca 


Palermo.    U  Duomo 


Palermo     Cathedral 


Palermo.     Dom 


Palerme.    CatheoYale 


Palermo     Catedral 


272 


Palermo.    Cappella  Palabna 


Palermo.     S.  Giovanni  degli  Eremiti 


Palermo.     S.  Giovanni  degli  Eremiti 


275 


A  Palermo 


In  Palermo 


A  Palermo 


276 


Cefalu.     Cortile 


Court  in  Cefalu 


Hof  in  Cefalu 


Cour  a  Cefalu 


Patio  en  Cefalu 


277 


Monreale.     Chiostro  del  Duomo 


Monreale.     Cathedral  Cloisters 


Monreale.      Kreuzgang  des  Doms 


Monreale.     CloTtre  de  la  cathedrale 


Monreal.     Encrucijada  en  la  catedral 


278 


Monreale.     Ch.ostro  del  Duomo  Monreale.     Cathedral  Cloisters 

Monreale.      Kreuzgang  des  Doms 
MonreaU  .     CloTtre  de  la  cathedrale  Monreal      Encrucjada  en  la  catedral 


279 


280 


ae  • 


Tempio  di  Segesta 


Temple  of  Segesta 


Tempel  von  Segesta 


Temple  de  Segeste 


Templo  de  Segesta 


Selinunt     Rovine  del  Tempio  d,  Apollo  Selinunt     Ruins  of  the  Temple  of  Apollo 

Selmunt.    Trummer  des  Apollotempels 
Selinonte.     Ru.nes  du  temple  d  Apollon  Selinunt.     Ru.nas  del  Tempio  de  Apolo 


28J 


Girgenti.     II  Tempio  di  Giunone  Lacinia  0"  fondo 
il  tempio  della  Concordia) 


Girgenti.    View  in  the  Temple  of  Juno  Lacinia.     In 
the  background  Temple   of  Concord 


Girgenti.     Im  Tempel  der  Juno  Lacinia;  im  Hmtergrund  der  Concordiatempel 


Girgenti.     Temple  de  Junon  Lacmia.  au  fond  le 
temple  de  la  Concorde 


Girgenti.     En  el  tempio  de  Juno  Lacinia;  en  el 
fondo  el  tempio  de  la  Concordia 


286 


Girgenti.    Tempio  di  Castore  e  Polluce 

Girgenti.     Tempel   des  Castor  und   Pollu 


Girgenti.    Temple  of  Castor  and   Polk 


Girgenti.    Temple  de  Castor  et  Pollu> 


Girgenti      Tempio  de  Castor  y  Poll. 


Grgenti.    Tempo  delta  Concord.a  G.rgenti.    Temple  of  Concord 

f3irgenb.    Concordiatempel 
GirgenB.    Temple  de  la  Concorde  Grgent».    Templo  de  la  Concord.a 


288 


ST*-**--- 


Siracusa.     Anfiteafro 


Syracuse.     Amphitheatre 


Syrakus.     Amphitheater 


Syracuse.     Amphit6atre  ' 


Siracusa.     Arfiteatro 


289 


290 


291 


Siracusa.     Cava  Latomia  Casale  Syracuse.     Latom.a  Casale  quarry 

Syrakus.     Stembruch  —  Latomia  Casale 


Syracuse.     Carnere  —  Latomia  Casale 


Siracusa.     Cantera  —  Latomia  Casale 


292 


Randazzo  sult'Etna 


Randazzo  on    Mt    Aetna 


In   Randazzo  am  Atna 


Randazzo  au   pied  de  I'Etna 


En   Randazzo  cerca  del   Etnc 


293 


Der  Atna 


294 


L'Etna.     Lava  Mt    Aetna  with  lava  in   foreground 

Der  Atna;  im  Vordergrund   Lava 
L'Etna.     Laves  au  premier  plan  El  Etna.     En  la  parte  anterior  se  halla  la  lava 


295 


297 


A  Taormina 


In  Taormma 


Taormine 


A  Taormma 


A  Tadrmma 


Taormina 


Taormme 


A  Taormina 


299 


Au^jgBlM^  Tit     ii     ~u  utmmmiamJatr     1 1-      -i  m\  ■•Urnrri  ■ 


Taormina.     Fontana 


Toarmma.     Fountair 


Taormina,     Brunner 


Taormme.     Fontatr 


Taormina.     Pozo 


300 


Taormina.     Palazzo  S.  Stefano  Taormina.     Palazzo  S.  Stefano 

Taormma.     Palazzo  5.  Stefano 
Taormine.     Palais  Saint-Etienne  Taormma.     Palaco  de  S    Esteban 


301 


Mola  presso  Taormtna 


Mola  near  Taormina 


Mola  bei  Taormina 


Mola  pr&s  do  Taormine 


Mola  cerca  de  Taormina 


302 


Bhck  von  Mola  auf  Kastell  und  Theater  Taormma 
Le  chateau  et  le  theatre  de  Taorm.ne  vus  de  Mola  Vista  de  Mola  al  Castillo  y  al  Teatro  Taormma 


303 


Aci  Castello 


304